Higher education in Ukraine has a long and rich history. Its students, graduates and academics have long been known and appreciated worldwide. The legal basis for higher education (HE) in Ukraine is set by the Constitution of Ukraine, the laws of Ukraine, the state budget of Ukraine, the budget code of Ukraine, the labor code of Ukraine and other legal acts.
Ukrainian higher education institutes (HEIs) provide such levels of higher education:
|Junior Bachelor||3 years|
|Master||1.5 -2 years|
|Doctor of Philosophy||4 years|
|Doctor of Science||2 years|
Structure of medical education in Ukraine:
|Basic higher education||Bachelor of Medical Sciences (e.g. Bachelor of Nursing)||3-4 years|
|Completed higher education||Medical Doctor (MD)||6 years|
|Internship in specialty||Specialist (e.g. Specialist in Cardiology)||1-3 years|
|Clinical residency||Master of Medical Science||2-4 years|
|Master program||1-2 years|
|Post-graduate research program||Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)||min 3 years|
|Doctoral program||Doctor of Medical Science||min 3 years|
Foreigners enroll to HEIs on accredited educational programs:
- twice a year for degree programs Junior Bachelor, Bachelor, Doctor of Medicine and Master degree. Autumn admission: from September 1 until November 1, Winter admission: from February 1 until March 1;
- during the year for postgraduate studies, doctoral studies, clinical studies, medical residency, programs of the preparatory faculty (department), and the academic mobility programs.
International students have opportunity to study in more than 260 universities in Ukraine and gain the specialization in different scientific fields. The main languages of instructions in Ukrainian higher education institutions are Ukrainian, Russian or English. Every year higher educational establishments welcome students from 148countries.
Currently, there are joint programs and educational services for foreign citizens. Over 65000 foreign students are studying in Ukraine.
Ukraine has signed 23 intergovernmental international agreements on mutual recognition of educational documents, scientific degrees and academic titles.
There are six types of higher education institutions (HEIs) in Ukraine:
- Universities - have the 4th accreditation level. They may be multi-disciplinary institutions (follow a classical university model) or ‘branch’ institutions (focus on some particular professional field as technical, medical, agricultural, pedagogical, economics, law etc.). They act as leading research and methodological centers in both fundamental and applied research.
- Academies – have the 4th accreditation level. They are concentrated on a specific area of knowledge in which they also act as leading research and methodological centers in both fundamental and applied research.
- Institutes – have the 3rd accreditation level. They are concentrated on a specific area of knowledge in which they also conduct research and methodological research in both fundamental and applied fields. They may be independent or a sub-unit of a university or academy.
- Conservatoires – have the 3rd accreditation level. They specialize in culture and arts, specifically music. They also conduct research and act as leading centers in the areas of their activity.
- Colleges – have the 2nd accreditation level. They provide training leading to the acquisition of specific HE qualifications. They may also constitute sub-units within HEIs with 3rd and 4th level accreditation. − Technical and Vocational Schools
- Technical schools - have the 1st level of accreditation. They provide education and training in several adjacent areas. They may also constitute sub-units within HEIs with 3rd and 4th level accreditation.
With respect to the ownership, Ukraine’s HEIs are divided into public and private HEIs. Public forms of ownership are: municipal and state owned.
State (public) higher education institutions (HEIs) of the 4th accreditation level can be granted the status of National HEI by the President of Ukraine, which results in greater funding of an institution.
Ukrainian HEIs take actively part in international cooperation. The efficiency of such cooperation depends mainly on the capacity of an HEI and its staff (knowledge of foreign languages, expertise and experience, participation in international projects etc. As a rule, international cooperation is based on partnership agreements signed by HEIs and is implemented according to an annual plan.
Cooperation activities and their funding vary from case to case. As a rule, HEIs organize joint events, students’ exchanges, participate in joint research projects, prepare joint publications etc. Various international educational programs are open to Ukrainian HEIs; this ensures development of projects in line with HE strategy developments in cooperation with HEIs all over the world. HEIs participate in the following programs: Tempus, Erasmus Mundus, Jean Monnet, 7th Framework Program (FP 7), Tuning and others. Numerous scholarships and grants to study abroad and set up collaboration strengthen international collaboration between HEIs.